The Carthage (France / Italy)

On 16 January 1912, while traversing the open sea in the course of a regular voyage between Marseilles and Tunis, the French mail steamer Carthage was stopped by the torpedo destroyer Agordat of the Royal Italian Navy.  The Carthage had on board an aeroplane which was considered by the Italian Government as contraband of war. As the trans-shipment of the aeroplane could not be made, the Carthage was detained in Cagliari until 20 January. The French Government claimed for reparation for the moral and political injury resulting from the failure to observe international common law and conventions reciproqually binding upon Italy and France as well as losses and damages claimed by private parties interested in the steamer and its voyage.

Case information

Name(s) of Claimant(s)
Name(s) of Respondent(s) ()
Names of Parties

Representatives of France:

Mr. Henri Fromageot

Mr. André Hesse


Representatives of Italy:

Mr. Arturo Ricci-Busatti

Mr. Dionisio Anzilotti


Case number 1912-01
Administering institution Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Case status Concluded
Type of case Inter-state arbitration
Subject matter or economic sector - Other -
Rules used in arbitral proceedings 1907 Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes
Treaty or contract under which proceedings were commenced -
Language of Proceeding French
Seat of Arbitration (by Country)

H.E. Guido Fusinato

Mr. Knut Hjalmar Léonard de Hammarskjöld (President)

Mr. Kriege

Mr. Louis Renault
H.E. Baron Michel de Taube

Representatives of the Claimant(s) -
Representatives of the Respondent(s) -
Representatives of the Parties
Number of Arbitrators in case 5
Date of commencement of proceeding 06 March 1912
Date of issue of final award 06 May 1913
Length of Proceedings 1-2 years
Additional notes -

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