Indus Waters Treaty Arbitration (Pakistan v. India)

On 19 August 2016, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan instituted arbitral proceedings against the Republic of India under Paragraph 2(b) of Annexure G to the Indus Waters Treaty 1960. A Court of Arbitration was constituted pursuant to Annexure G. The Permanent Court of Arbitration acts as Secretariat to the Court of Arbitration pursuant to Paragraph 15(a) of Annexure G.

Case information

Name(s) of Claimant(s) The Islamic Republic of Pakistan (- N/A -)
Name(s) of Respondent(s) The Republic of India (- N/A -)
Names of Parties -
Case number 2023-01
Administering institution Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Case status Pending
Type of case Inter-state arbitration
Subject matter or economic sector Electricity/Power
Rules used in arbitral proceedings - Other -
Treaty or contract under which proceedings were commenced

[Bilateral treaty]
Indus Waters Treaty
Country A: India
Country B: Pakistan

Language of Proceeding English
Seat of Arbitration (by Country) -

Court of Arbitration:

Professor Sean D. Murphy (Chairman)

Professor Wouter Buytaert

Mr. Jeffrey P. Minear

Judge Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh

Dr. Donald Blackmore

Representatives of the Claimant(s)

Agent for Pakistan:

Mr. Ahmad Irfan Aslam

Additional Attorney-General for Pakistan

Office of the Attorney-General for Pakistan


Representatives for Pakistan:

Mr. Hassan Nasir Jamy

Secretary to the Government of Pakistan,

Ministry of Water Resources

Mr. Syed Muhammad Mehar Ali Shah

Pakistan Commissioner for Indus Waters

Ms. Leena Nishtar

Office of the Attorney-General for Pakistan


Counsel for Pakistan:

Sir Daniel Bethlehem KC

Twenty Essex


Professor Attila Tanzi

3 Verulam Buildings


Professor Philippa Webb

Twenty Essex


Dr Cameron Miles

3 Verulam Buildings


Mr Stephen Fietta KC

Mr Jiries Saadeh

Ms Laura Rees-Evans

Fietta LLP

Representatives of the Respondent(s)

Representatives for India:

Shri Pankaj Kumar

Secretary, Department of Water Resources,

River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti


Mr. A.K. Pal

Commissioner (Indus)

Ministry of Jal Shakti

Representatives of the Parties
Number of Arbitrators in case 5
Date of commencement of proceeding 19 August 2016
Date of issue of final award -
Length of Proceedings Pending
Additional notes -


Press Release
PCA Press Release - First Meeting of Court of Arbitration
First Meeting Photo No 1
First Meeting Photo No 2
First Meeting Photo No 3
First Meeting Photo No 4