Documents and Resources

Numerous treaties and other instruments that refer existing or future disputes to arbitration designate the PCA Secretary-General as the appointing authority for the appointment of arbitrators. Typically, the appointing authority is empowered to act when the parties to the dispute fail to constitute an arbitral tribunal within a specified time period following the commencement of the arbitration proceedings.

The PCA may also be charged with providing administrative support to tribunals operating under the respective treaty or instrument, or with making its hearing facilities available to such tribunals. Some instruments provide for arbitration according to one of the sets of procedural rules adopted by the PCA for the conduct of arbitral proceedings, although the PCA is most often called upon to administer arbitrations under the UNCITRAL Rules, or rules that were drafted for the specific dispute.

Instruments referring to the PCA have been concluded between various combinations of states, international organizations, and private parties, and cover subject matter such as investment protection, environmental protection, international development cooperation, and the constitution and operation of international organizations. Examples of these are set forth below.

Bilateral Investment Treaties and Trade Agreements

Agreement between the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Albania and the Government of the State of Qatar for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, October 18, 2011.
The Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments between the Argentine Republic and the State of Qatar, November 6, 2016.
Treaty Concerning the Reciprocal Encouragement and Protection of Investment, Argentina-United States of America, Nov. 14, 1991, 31 I.L.M. 124. Article VIII
Agreement between Australia and the Lao People's Democratic Republic on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Apr. 6, 1994. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Annex B
Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United Mexican States on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments,
Agreement for the Promotion and Protection of Investment between the Republic of Austria and the Federal Republic of Nigeria, April 8, 2013.
Agreement on Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investment Between the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Apr. 29, 2001. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Articles 4 and 12
Agreement on Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments Between the Government of the Republic of Belarus and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Jul. 14, 1995. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 11
Agreement between the Belgo-Luxemburg Economic Union and the United Mexican States on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, August 27, 1998. (French)
Agreement between the Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union and the Government of the State of Qatar on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, November 6, 2007.
Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the State of Qatar Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, Apr. 9, 1999. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 9
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Colombia and the Government of the Republic of Turkey concerning the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, July 28, 2014.
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Croatia and the Government of the State of Israel for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Aug. 1, 2000. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 9
Agreement between the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of the State of Qatar Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, Dec. 2, 1999. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 6
Agreement between the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Government of the State of Israel for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Nov. 20, 2003. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 9
Agreement between the Republic of Finland and the Government of the State of Qatar on the Promotion and Protection of Investments, Nov. 12, 2001. Source: UN Treaty Series Online. Article 9
Agreement on the reciprocal promotion and protection of investments, France-Haiti, May 23, 1984. Source: UN Treaty Series Online. Article 11
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of France and the Government of the State of Qatar Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, Jul. 8, 1996. Source: UNCTAD. Article 8
Agreement between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Lao People's Democratic Republic concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, Aug. 9, 1996. Source: UN Treaty Series Online. Article 11
Agreement between the Federal Republic of Germany and the State of Qatar Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, June 14, 1996. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 11
Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Republic of France on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Sept. 2, 1997, 1999 J.O. 6791 (Fr.). Articles 9-10
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the State of Israel for the Promotion and Protection of Investments, January 29, 1996. Articles 9-10.
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Government of the Republic of India Concerning the Promotion and Protection of Investments, Feb. 8, 1999. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 9
Agreement on Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments Between the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand, 1997. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 11
Agreement Between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Republic of El Salvador for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Apr. 3, 2000. Source: UN Treaty Series Online. Article 9
Agreement Between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of Romania for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Aug. 3, 1998. Source: UN Treaty Series Online. Article 8
Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Republic of Turkey for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Mar. 14, 1996. Source: UN Treaty Series Online. Article 9
Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments.
Agreement between Argentina and the Government of Israel for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, April 4, 1997. (Spanish)
Agreement between the State of Israel and Serbia and Montenegro for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, July 28, 2004.
Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, October 5, 2010.
Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of Mongolia for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments
Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Republic of Guatemala for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, November 7, 2006.
Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, March 30, 1998.
Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, May 13, 1998.
Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Italy and the Government of the Republic of Cuba on the Promotion and Protection of Investments, May 7, 1993. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 10
Agreement between Japan and Mongolia for an Economic Partnership, February 10, 2015.
Agreement on reciprocal promotion and protection of investments between the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Jan. 16, 1996. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 11
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Korea and the Government of the State of Qatar for the Promotion and Protection of Investments, Apr. 16, 1999. Source: UN Treaty Series Online. Articles 8 and 9
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Korea and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran for the Promotion and Protection of Investments, October 31, 1998.
Agreement between the Government of the Lebanese Republic and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Oct. 28, 1997. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 13
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Macedonia and the Government of the State of Qatar for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, May 20, 2011. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 10
Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement between the Government of Malaysia and the Government of the Republic of India, February 18, 2011
Agreement Between the Government of the United Mexican States and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, 2009. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online Article 25
Agreement Between the Government of the United Mexican States and the Government of the Republic of India on the Promotion and Protection of Investments, 2008. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online Article 24
Decreto de Promulgacion del Acuerdo entre los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y la Republica de Panama para la Promocion y Proteccion Reciproca de las Inversiones (in Spanish only), May 30, 2001.
Acuerdo entre los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y la Republica de Cuba para la Promocion y proteccion Reciproca de las Inversiones (in Spanish only), May 30, 2001.
Agreement between the Government of the United Mexican States and the Government of the Republic of Belarus on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments. Article 25.
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Moldova and the Government of the State of Qatar for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, December 10, 2012.
Free Trade Agreement between the Government of Montenegro and the Government of Ukraine.
Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco and the Government of the State of Qatar Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, Feb.20, 1999. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 10
Agreement on Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments between the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Nov. 8, 1995. Source: Board of Investment, Government of Pakistan. Article 11, Paragraph 3 and Paragraph 4
Agreement between the Swiss Confederation and the Republic of Bulgaria on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Oct. 28, 1991 (Fr.). Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 11
Agreement Between the Government of the Swiss Confederation and the Government of the Republic of Panama on the Promotion and Protection of Investments, Oct. 19, 1983 (Fr.). Source: UN Treaty Series Online. Article 9
Agreement between the Government of the Swiss Confederation and the Government of the State of Qatar Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, Nov. 12, 2001. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 8
Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the State of Israel for the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments, Feb. 18, 2000. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online. Article 9
Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the Government of the United Mexican States on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, 2007. Source: Ministry of Trade, Industry and Investment, Gov't of the Republic of Trinidad Tobago Article 25
Agreement between the Republic of Turkey and Australia on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments. June 16, 2005.
Agreement Between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the United Mexican States for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, 2007. Source: UNCTAD Investment Instruments Online Articles 11 and 14
Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment, Sept. 23, 1992, S. TREATY DOC. NO. 103-3. Article VIII
Investment Incentive Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of India, Nov. 19, 1997, 1997 U.S.T. 19. Article 6
Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Romania Concerning the Reciprocal Encouragement and Protection of Investment, May 28, 1992, S. TREATY DOC. NO. 102-36. Article VII
Investment Incentive Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation, Apr. 3, 1992, 31 I.L.M. 777 (entered into force June 17, 1992). Article 5
Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment, June 17, 1992, 31 I.L.M. 790 (not yet in force). Article VII
Multilateral Investment Treaties and Trade Agreements

Energy Charter Treaty, Dec. 17, 1994, 34 I.L.M. 381. Article 27
Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States, Mar. 18, 1965, 4 I.L.M. 524 (ICSID Convention). Article 63
Free Trade Agreement between the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam and the Eurasian Economic Union and its Member States (May 29, 2015). Article 14.8
ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement (February 26, 2009). Article 28
Free Trade Agreement between the EFTA States and the Central American States (June 24, 2013). Article 12.4
Interim Agreement Establishing a Framework for an EPA between the Eastern and Southern African States and the European Community and its Member States. Article 55
Agreement between Australia and the European Community on Trade in Wine (entered into force December 1, 2008). Articles 10 and 38
Agreement Establishing the ASEAN-Australia-New-Zealand Free Trade Area, February 27, 2009. (Chapter 11, Article 18)
Free Trade Agreement between the EFTA States and the Republic of Lebanon, June, 24, 2004. Article 34
Free Trade Agreement between the EFTA States and the Philippines, April 28, 2016. Article 13.5
Free Trade Agreement between the EFTA States and the SACU States. Article 37
Free Trade Agreement between the EFTA States and Georgia, June 27, 2014. Article 12.4
Annex VI of EFTA-Egypt FTA
Annex VI - EFTA-Macedonia Free Trade Agreement
Annex VI - EFTA-Tunisia Free Trade Agreement
Other Investment Instruments

Agreement Between the Republic of Austria and the _____ for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Austria Model BIT 2010)
Agreement on Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments between the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Government of _____, (Iran Model BIT). Source: International Investment Instruments: A Compendium, Volume VII, 2001. Article 12
Bilateral Investment Treaty between the Government of the Republic of India and _______ (India Model BIT 2016)
Agreement Between the Kingdom of Norway and _____ for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Norway Draft Model BIT 2007).
Agreement Between the Kingdom of Norway and _____ for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (Norway Draft Model BIT 2015). Source: https://www.regjeringen.no
Model Intergovernmental Agreement for Cross-Border Pipelines, Dec. 2003. Source: www.encharter.org Article 20 (by reference to the Energy Charter Treaty, Article 27)
Operational Regulations of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, as amended Aug. 27, 2002. Source: http://www.miga.org. Article 2.16
Bilateral Treaties

Convention on Technical and Industrial Co-operation in respect of Broadcasting Satellites, Apr. 29, 1980 Source: UN Treaty Series Online Article 14, Paragraph 4
Treaty Between His Majesty’s Government of Nepal and the Government of India Concerning the Integrated Development of the Mahakali River including Sarada Barrage, Tanakpur Barrage and Pancheshwar Project, Feb. 12, 1996, 36 I.L.M. 531. Article 11
Agreement Between the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Government of the State of Eritrea, Dec. 12, 2000. Article 4 (Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission) Article 5 (Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission)
Arbitration Agreement between the Kingdom of Belgium and the Kingdom of The Netherlands, July 22, 2003, LT/sr A.71.92/3110 (Belg.).
Treaty Between the Government of the Republic of Namibia and the Government of the Republic of South Africa on the Establishment of the [|Ai-|Ais/Richtersveld] Transfrontier Park, Aug. 2003. Source: http://www.tbpa.net Article 16
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of France and the Government of the United Arab Emirates relating to the Abu Dhabi Universal Museum, Mar. 6, 2007, 2007 J.O. 17170 (Fr.). Article 18
Convention between Canada and the United States of America relating to certain Complaints arising from the Operation of the Smelter at Trail, British Columbia, April 15, 1935. Article II
Treaty concerning the State frontier and neighbourly relations between Iran and Iraq. Article 6 and Addendum
Treaty between the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe on the Joint Development of Petroleum and other Resources, in respect of Areas of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the Two States (February 21, 2001). Article 49
Agreement on the Environment between Canada and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Annex I
United States of America and the Netherlands Agreement regarding the Sovereignty over the Island of Palmas (or Miangas). Articles I-III
French-Mexican Claims Commission. Article I
Multilateral Treaties

Agreement Regarding the Complete and Final Settlement of the Question of Reparations from Germany, Jan. 20, 1930. Annex XII
Convention (with Financial Protocol) for the Establishment of a European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, Oct. 5, 1962. Source: UN Treaty Series Online, Article IX
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Mar. 2, 1973. Source:Source: UN Treaty Series Online Article XVIII, Paragraph 2
Agreement on Co-operation in Astrophysics (the Government of the Kingdom of Spain, the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Kingdom of Sweden), May 26, 1979. Source: UN Treaty Series Online Article 14, Paragraph 2
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, June 23, 1979, 1651 U.N.T.S. 28395. Article 13
Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, May 20, 1980. Source: UN Treaty Series Online Annex, Paragraph 1(b)
Convention Establishing the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (EUTELSAT), July 15, 1982, 1519 U.N.T.S. 26342 (entered into force Sept. 1, 1985). Annex B
Convention for the Establishment of a European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT), May 24, 1983, 1434 U.N.T.S. 24265 (proclaimed June 19, 1986). Article 14
Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty on Environment Protection, Oct. 4, 1991, 30 I.L.M. 1461. Schedule
Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, May 10, 1993. Source: UN Treaty Series Online Annex, Paragraph 1(b)
Agreement on the Development of the Gaza-Kruger-Gonarezhou Transfrontier Park between the Government of the Republic of Mozambique; the Government of the Republic of South Africa; and the Government of the Republic of Zimbabwe, 2000. Article 13
Partnership agreement between the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part, June 23, 2000, 2000 O.J. (L 317) 3 (Cotonou Agreement). Article 98
Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Mozambique and the Government of the Republic of South Africa and the Government of the Kingdom of Swaziland on Co-operation with regard to the International Interconnector, Aug. 16, 2000. Article 8
Treaty between the government of the Republic of Mozambique, the government of the Republic of South Africa and the government of the Republic of Zimbabwe on the establishment of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, 2002. Source: UN Treaty Series Online Article 15
Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (“WCPF Convention”), Sept. 5, 2000, 40 I.L.M. 277 (2001). Annex 1
Protocol on the Accession of the European Community to the Eurocontrol International Convention Relating to Cooperation for the Safety of Air Navigation of 13 December 1960, as variously amended and as consolidated by the Protocol of June 27, 1997, Oct. 8, 2002, 2004 O.J. (L 304) 210. Article 34
Financial and Administrative Framework Agreement between the European Community and the United Nations, Apr. 29, 2003 Source: EuropeAid. Article 14
Protocol on Civil Liability and Compensation for Damage Caused by the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents on Transboundary Waters to the 1992 Conventions on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes and on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents, May 21, 2003, 44 I.L.M. 258 (not yet entered into force). Article 14
Free Trade Agreement Between Canada and the States of the European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), Jan. 26, 2008. Source: UN Treaty Series Online, Annex K
Free Trade Agreement Between the Republic of Albania and the EFTA States (entered into force November 1, 2010). Source: European Free Trade Agreement Online
Free Trade Agreement Between the Republic of Colombia and the EFTA States (entered into force July 1, 2011). Source: European Free Trade Agreement Online
Free Trade Agreement Between the EFTA States and Montenegro (entered into force September 1, 2012). Source: European Free Trade Agreement Online
Free Trade Agreement Between the EFTA States and the Republic of Serbia (entered into force October 1, 2010). Source: European Free Trade Agreement Online
Free Trade Agreement Between the EFTA States and Ukraine (entered into force June 1, 2012). Source: European Free Trade Agreement Online
Free Trade Agreement Between the EFTA States and Bosnia and Herzegovina (not yet entered into force). Source: European Free Trade Agreement Online
Free Trade Agreement Between the EFTA States and the Central American States (not yet entered into force). Source: European Free Trade Agreement Online
Free Trade Agreement Between the EFTA States and the Member States of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (not yet entered into force). Source: European Free Trade Agreement Online
Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean (entered into force August 24, 2012). Source: Commission of the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation
Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement (signed July 7, 2006), Article 20.
Convention for the Establishment of the European Communications Office (June 23, 1993 and amended April 9, 2002).
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (June 16, 1995) Source: Official Journal of the European Union.
National Legislation

Mauritius International Arbitration Act 2008
Nigerian Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1990
Ley de Conciliacion y Arbitraje de Bolivia 2015 (in Spanish only)
Other Instruments and Agreements

Agreement regarding the Headquarters of the Asian Development Bank, Dec. 22, 1966, Source: http://treaties.un.org Section 53
Agreement regarding the Headquarters of the Caribbean Development Bank, June 2, 1970. Source: http://treaties.un.org Section 58
Agreement between the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and the Kingdom of The Netherlands Concerning the Headquarters of the OPCW, Apr. 29, 1997, C-I/DEC.59. Article 26
Financing Agreement between the European and the ASEAN University Network, Jan. 20, 2000, Source: Association of South-East Asian Nations. Article 26
Operational Regulations of the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, as amended through Aug. 27, 2002. Article 2.16
Framework Partnership Agreement with International Organisations, European Commission, Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid – ECHO, Jan. 17, 2011. Source: http://ec.europa.eu Article 14
Arbitration Agreement between The Government of Sudan and The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement / Army on Delimiting Abyei Area, July 7, 2008. Source: http://www.pca-cpa.org
Agreement between the Government of the French Republic and the International Criminal Police Organization concerning the Headquarters of INTERPOL and its Privileges and Immunities in French Territory, Sept. 1, 2009. Source: http://www.interpol.int Article 24, Paragraph 1 and Paragraph 2