Land Reclamation by Singapore in and around the Straits of Johor (Malaysia v. Singapore)

The Permanent Court of Arbitration acted as registry in this arbitration between Malaysia and Singapore. The case concerned land reclamation by Singapore in and around the Straits of Johor and was instituted by Malaysia on July 4, 2003 pursuant to Article 287 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and Article 1 of UNCLOS Annex VII. The land reclamation works were alleged to infringe Malaysia's rights in the area. An order for provisional measures was issued by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS). At the Parties' joint request, the Arbitral Tribunal rendered an award in the terms set out in a Settlement Agreement which was entered into by the Parties on April 26, 2005. It did so by attaching the text of the Settlement Agreement as an annex to the award.

Case information

Name(s) of Claimant(s) Malaysia (State)
Name(s) of Respondent(s) Singapore (State)
Names of Parties -
Case number 2004-05
Administering institution Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
Case status Concluded
Type of case Inter-state arbitration
Subject matter or economic sector Law of the sea
Procedural rules - Other -
Treaty or contract under which proceedings were commenced

Multilateral treaty

Language of Proceeding English
Seat of Arbitration (by Country) -
Arbitrator(s), Conciliator(s), Other Neutral(s)

Mr. M.C.W. Pinto (President)
Dr. Kamal Hossain
Professor Bernard H. Oxman
Professor Ivan Shearer
Sir Arthur Watts KCMG QC

Representatives of the Claimant(s) -
Representatives of the Respondent(s) -
Representatives of the Parties
Number of Arbitrators in case 5
Date of commencement of proceeding 04 July 2003
Date of issue of final award 01 September 2005
Length of Proceedings 1-2 years
Additional notes -


Award or other decision
Award on Agreed Terms
Press Release
Press Release